Bank Reconciliation: A Guide to Financial Accuracy

Bank Reconciliation A Guide to Financial Accuracy

Bank reconciliation is a process used by individuals, businesses, and organizations to compare their financial records with those of their bank account. The goal of bank reconciliation is to identify and resolve any discrepancies between the bank’s records and the entity’s own records of their financial transactions. This process helps ensure the accuracy and integrity of financial information. If bank reconciliation feels unfamiliar or challenging, reach out to a trusted accounting firm in Johor Bahru for expert guidance.

Here’s how the bank reconciliation process typically works:

Gather Information:

Collect all relevant financial documents, including bank statements, checkbooks, deposit slips, and records of outgoing payments (such as invoices and receipts).

Compare Bank Statement and Records:

Compare the transactions listed on your bank statement with your own records of transactions. This includes checks written, deposits made, electronic transfers, debit card transactions, and any other relevant activities.

Identify Differences:

As you compare the two sets of records, you may notice discrepancies. These could include missing transactions, incorrect transaction amounts, or timing differences between when you recorded a transaction and when the bank processed it.

Adjustment of Records:

Make adjustments to your own financial (Also see Mastering Adjusting Entries for Accurate Financial Reporting) records to account for any discrepancies found. For example, if a check you wrote hasn’t cleared the bank yet, you may need to subtract it from your records temporarily. Similarly, if a deposit hasn’t been credited to your account, you’ll need to add it to your records.


Update your records to reflect the accurate and reconciled balance that matches the bank statement. This will involve adding or subtracting transactions as necessary to align your records with the bank’s records.

Investigate Unresolved Items:

If there are still discrepancies that can’t be easily explained, you may need to investigate further. This could involve contacting the bank to clarify transactions or identify any errors on their end.

Record Keeping:

Maintain a comprehensive log of the reconciliation procedure, encompassing all modifications performed and clarifications for any disparities. This record-keeping proves invaluable for future use, audits, or financial reporting purposes.

Bank reconciliation (Also see Accounting – How to Prepare a Company’s First Bank Reconciliation Statement) is an essential practice for ensuring the accuracy of financial information, detecting errors or fraudulent activities, and maintaining the trustworthiness of financial records. It’s typically performed on a regular basis, such as monthly, to catch and correct any issues in a timely manner.

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